All About Athens

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 Athens  is the capital  city  of Greece. It is a modern, big  city  as the capitals of other European countries are, and more than a million people live in  Athens  and its suburbs. But  Athens  is also one of the most important  cities  of history. Thousands of years ago, when most of the men on earth were still ignorant savages, the learning and the science and the art of today had their start in  Athens . About five thousand years ago, men first built a  city  where  Athens  stands today. They built the city around a rocky hill about four hundred feet high.

On this hill they built walled-in fortifications called an acropolis, about which there is a separate article. The people lived around the hill and farmed the land. If an enemy attacked, they could all go to the Acropolis for safety. All cities in those ancient times passed under the rule of one king after another, fought and lost many wars, sometimes were conquered and ruled by neighbouring peoples, and sometimes conquered the neighbouring peoples and ruled them. For hundreds of years,  Athens  rose and fell in this way.

But about three thousand years ago-not long after the year 1000 B.C. – the people of  Athens  began to develop a civilisation greater than the world had known before. The first step toward this was the Greek language as the Athenians learned to use it. No other language then had the words needed to write great books of science as well as great poetry and other literature. The poetry of Homer, written in this language, is still as great as any that has ever been written. In the hundreds of years that followed, the drama was born in the plays of Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes, and others. Three of the greatest philosophers of all time, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, taught and wrote in this Greek language.

Laws written in this language, by the great statesman Solon and others, gave  Athens  one of the earliest democratic governments. The Greek language is still used by scholars throughout the world.  Athens  became a democracy in 508 B.C. The two hundred years that followed were the times of its greatest glory. During this period the sculptor Phidias and other Athenian sculptors built the magnificent buildings on the Acropolis and carved statues that are still models of beauty. The people elected their own leaders.  Athens  was a “ city-state ,” which means that it was a city but also an independent country. There were many slaves, however. In 338 B.C.,  Athens  was conquered by King Philip of Macedon, a neighbouring country in Greece. (Philip was the father of Alexander the Great, who conquered almost the entire civilised world.)

After it fell under the rule of Macedon,  Athens  did not become big and independent again for more than two thousand years. The Romans ruled it, then a series of conquerors until the Turks made it part of Turkey about four hundred years ago.  Athens  became just a small town. In the year 1834, the entire country of Greece became independent again and  Athens  was made the capital. It began to grow, and now is a great city again. It is the seat of the Greek Orthodox Church (also called the Orthodox Catholic Church), and the capital of the kingdom of Greece. About two thirds of all the manufacturing in Greece is done in and near  Athens . The remains of many of the great buildings of ancient  Athens , including the Acropolis, can still be seen there. During World War II, the Germans occupied Greece and captured  Athens , but it was not damaged.

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Visiting Athens

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Pay homage to Athen’s most impressive legacy- the Acropolis, haggled with

the merchants in the old Turkish bazaar around Monastiraki Square and Explored the 19th-century quarter of Plaka…all before noon. Now you are ready to drink like Dionysus.

Where to crash

 Athens ‘ first “hip hotel,” the Semiramis, is located in Kifissia, a wealthy suburb about 10 miles north of the  city   center .

Styled by trendy designer Karim Rashid, the hotel has such features as a glowing-pink cube in the entrance, a rotating collection of contemporary art in the rooms, and digitally

programmed door signs.

NightLife

What’s a Flagrant without checking out the nightlife?

Bars are the staple of Greek nightlife, with new establishments opening every week. In summer, many of the most popular spots, especially dance clubs, move to temporary venues along the coast (check with your hotel concierge on seasonal whereabouts of clubs).

Frequented by the under-30 crowd, these clubs are usually huge, lively, and packed.

Getting to them can be a nightmare, especially on weekends, when the coastal road, Poseidonos, becomes a kilometers-long traffic jam.

Most bars stay open at least until 3 AM. Drinks are rather steep (around EUR6) but generous, and often there is a surcharge on weekend nights at the most popular clubs. Foreigners usually get in automatically; large groups of single men may have some trouble on a busy night. Most clubs and bars do not take credit cards for drinks.

From September to May, Athen’s beautiful people make an appearance at Central to see and be seen in the cool, creamy interior while enjoying cocktails and sushi.

From May to September, Central is closed in town; it reopens on the coast as Island, which is dreamily decked out in gauzy linens and directly overlooks the Aegean.

with notes from Fodors and USA Today

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Athens Greece – Church of Kapnikarea

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Let us now visit the church of Kapnikarea. The simplest way to get there, is to return to Plateia Syntagmatos (Constitution Square) and then turn right into Odos Ermou. A few minutes’ walk along this street will bring us to this famous church.

Actually, Kapnikarea consists of two churches: the original structure, dedicated to the Presentation of the Virgin, a mid-eleventh century cruciform building with a dome supported by four columns with Roman capitals, and a nave with a smaller dome, dedicated to St. Barbara, which was later added on the north. In the twelfth century the two churches were joined into one and an exonarthex with series of gabled roofs and four large bays separated by columns was added on the west. The charming little porch on the south also dates from the twelfth century. The mosaic of the Madonna and Child over the portal is, however, of modern workmanship.

The name “Kapnikarea” is of doubtful origin. Though it is generally believed that this name is derived from the occupation of its putative founder, a collector of the hearth-tax (hearth equals smoke) others contend that the name is a corruption of Kamoucharea, by which the church was also known, probably from its proximity to a weaver of Kamouchas, a Byzantine term for cloth woven with golden threads.

Let us now turn back into Odos Ermou, walking in the direction of Plateia Syntagmatos (Constitution Square), and take the first turn on the right; this will bring us to Plateia Mitropoleos.

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Advantages and Disadvantages of Living in a City Center

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Some people say that city center is the best place to live. One has an easy access to all the amenities of life. Additionally, city centers are the places where all the business, educational, official and trade activity centers are located. The commuting time is nothing as compared to those living in the suburbs. There are, however, some big disadvantages of living in the city center as well. Following lines would give you a great comparison in this regard.

Advantages

The biggest advantage of living in a city-center is the easy access to all the business, trade and educational offices. City-centers are planned in such a manner that they become the hub of everything related to commercial, official or educational fields. Most universities and colleges are located in the city-center and students from suburbs have to commute long distances to reach their alma maters. Similarly, professionals have to take public or private transport to reach the city-center. Monthly fares of public transports, despite all the discounts, are quite expensive these days.

On the contrary, people living in the city-center do not have to incur any transportation costs. In most cases, all the famous buildings, business centers and universities are located within a walking distance. There are no expenditures in transportation costs and time wasted in travelling. Additionally, one can save money on dining costs as one can simply head back to home to eat during lunch breaks. People from the suburbs are unfortunate in this regard. They have to eat lunch from the push carts or restaurants and this entails some big spending, even if the rates are affordable. Monthly expenditures on food bills are enough to cause a big dent in your monthly budget.

Disadvantages

There are also many disadvantages of living in a city-center. First of all, there is no sense of privacy as the city centre remains active till late night. Secondly, the house rents are sky high in the city-center. Everyone wants to live there and homeowners take full advantage of this phenomenon. Another disadvantage of living in a city-center is the lack of suburban activities and neighbourhood attitude that is prevalent in the suburbs. There are hardly any parks and open spaces where one can breathe fresh air. In most cases, the environment is polluted because of thousands of cars that throng the roads and alleys. Similarly, the proportion of trees and shrubs is far less than a typical suburb that is usually green and pollution free.

The sense of community is also lacking in the city-center as people remain busy in their own affairs and do not pay any attention to their neighbours and friends. Another down point of living in the city center is the higher prices of commodities. As compared to suburbs, that are usually located close to farmer markets; city centers are cramped places with high property rents. Shops often pass on that high price to their customers.

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Smart Ideas: Experts Revisited

Importance Of Information Technology Proficiency

Information technology is the use of processors to retrieve, transfer and store information. People use the knowledge of information technology to use computers to generate and make changes to useful pieces of information. Most activities in the current world have been upgraded and are more digital and thus require the help of computers to perform them efficiently.

Information technology is of great advantage since it enables faster communication through use of emails and other electric ways of communicating. Use of Information technology helps in increasing productivity especially in organization as it makes the work easier with the help of computers as it saves time and energy dedicated towards achieving the objectives.

Information technology has made it a possibility to keep information safely through electronic means. It ensured that the information is well coded and it’s kept safe for future reference. Not everyone is able to access your work and make any changes to your documents unless you grant them access. The information is safe from any malicious activities through use of information technology security methodologies.

Information technology makes it a possibility to access your documents from anyone without time limit. This enables you to be more productive since you work at any time regardless of where you are working from.
Information technology guarantees consistent communication. Communication is a very important aspect and especially to those in businesses as it ensures the consistent flow of activities which increases productivity.

Most processes in organizations are made automatic, and this increases efficiency. An individual who is well skilled in information technology has a wide variety of fields to practice their skills. One can help others get to know about what information technology entails by becoming an IT trainer or consultant.

You can also work as an information security analyst who deals with any security matters. Security issues such as piracy are dealt with by the security analyst. This is the reason of which when creating an account you have to ensure you are the user of that account to avoid others from reading your work.

You can also be a computer network designer whose work is to making sure the computer systems are well laid out and are functioning efficiently. One can major in web developing with IT skills. Web developers help in creating websites using their skills in information technology.

One can also serve as an IT advisor where people come to ask you for information about that field. For you to be an IT advisor you need to have a broad range of information about the area you specialize in.
IT is, hence, a field of study worth being in since it skills one with so much crucial information that you can use even to your benefit. Proficiency in Computer enables one to be able to solve any issues that your computer might encounter.

Suggested Article: i thought about this

Interesting Research on Insulation – What No One Ever Told You

Finding the Right Type of Ceiling Insulation

It is important that one installs the right kind of attic insulation because the correct insulation can drastically reduce the electricity bills of heating and cooling the house. Insulation would also make your home warm and comfortable and also create a steady in-house atmosphere in addition to reducing our home’s energy consumption.

In order to choose the correct insulation, one needs to check the R-value of the insulating material. The function of insulation is to prevent gaining heat on a hot day and trapping the warmth during cold conditions and is measured by the R-value. The R-value is the measure of how efficiently an insulator resists the transfer of heat between surfaces. This value varies depending on the nature, density and thickness of the material used. Therefore, a material with a high R-value will be more efficient than a material with a low R-value.
There are several different types of insulation materials with the most common ones being foam, fiberglass and cellulose. There are also a variety of insulation types ranging from loose fill, batts, spray board, vapor barriers, and rolls with rolls being the most ideal for ceiling floors. To determine the type of insulation required, one needs to consider the existing insulation and the desired R-value.

One is also advised to install vapor barriers in the outer frame of the house to prevent accumulation of moisture in the ceiling. If this measure is not taken and the moisture is allowed to circulate freely on the inside and outside of the ceiling, the moisture will weaken the insulation material and make it lose its R-value. Moreover, mold and rot will develop over time which will adversely lower the strength of the house frame.
When calculating the amount of insulation required, you will have to determine whether your house is already insulated, measure the total area that requires insulation and decide on the best type of insulation to use.

In the event that you have pre-installed insulation, gauge its industrial standards by looking at its R- value with the higher R-value promising better performance. Next, one needs to measure the length and width of the area requiring insulation and multiply the two measurements to get the square footage of the ceiling.

While determining the type of insulation used, bear in mind that fiberglass insulation is assessed by the number of rolls required and can be installed by the homeowner hence saving on labor costs. It is vital to note that on the other hand, blown-in insulation, though not tedious, requires specialized equipment and may turn out to be a little more expensive than fiberglass. When insulating, remember to insulate the outer walls and crawl spaces too as these spaces are most vulnerable to heat transfer.

The 10 Best Resources For Pets

8 Tips for Picking the Right Dog Crate

Though a pet dog is fun; it can be the source of misery if it forms a tendency of destroying items like furniture and shoes. Crate training is a necessary step in such instances, but choosing the right crate to use for such purposes is not going to be an easy task. Give the following 8 criteria some thought during your selection to get the best crate for your dog.

Unlike many other pet owners who choose extra large dog crates, pick one that is appropriately sized. Note that the right size of a crate is one that just provides enough room for the pet dog to stand, turn around, and lie down comfortably. In many cases where the crates are too large, dogs divide them into two sections that are used for sleeping and soiling.

Give thought to the fact that your dog could be suffering from separation anxiety, which is a condition that is identified by the tendency to chew on anything just because he can’t be with you. A heavy duty dog crate is required in such a case because your pet will chew the crate’s bars in their attempt to be with you.

Canines are known to figure out the locking mechanisms used on their crates and break themselves free. So, pick one with a bolt-latch configuration and a sturdy lock to prevent the disappearance of your pet.

Do check out the best dog crate reviews online since all manufacturers will claim to produce excellent products. Reading what previous users of certain dog crates will help you to determine the most sturdy and durable of them all.

There are numerous types of materials that are used in the construction of dog crates. They include wooden, plastic, heavy-duty, wire, soft-sided, and others. Write down several requirements that you need from a dog crate so that you can choose one that will meet them adequately.

Maintaining the cleanliness level in a dog crate is an imperative exercise. Choose materials that are non-absorbent to ease the tasks involved. Additionally, opt for one with a removable bottom to ensure that you can clean it without the need to climb inside for the task.

Compare prices because no two stores charge the same. The price of a dog crate depends on factors like its size and the material used in its construction. A heavy duty dog crate will, therefore, not come cheap but you will forget about frequent replacements of the device.

Choose between single or double door crates. The latter is most convenient if you wish to keep more than one dog in a single crate because the presence of an additional door makes the space feel less confining.

More ideas: More hints

Case Study: My Experience With Foods

Advantages of Slow Cookers.

Cooking is an art of preparing food for eating. Food must be prepared for it to be edible. Foods have been known to be taken when raw or cooked. We have fruits and vegetables as examples of foods taken when raw. Foods prepared when raw or cooked have their importance.

It is obvious for foods that are cooked to be free from harmful microorganisms. It is impossible for microorganisms to live in high temperatures. It is easy to eat cooked food. Cooking makes food to be softer. It is obvious for cooked foods to have a nice smell. Foods prepared by heating are healthy. Raw foods have all their natural nutrients. It is easy to take raw food as compared with heated food. Raw food saves on time. We have cooking appliances and tools in the cookery department. We have ovens, water heaters, bakers and slow cookers as examples of cooking appliances. Examples of cooking tools are spoons, knives, handles to name a few. Every kind of a tool has its functionality.

We use knives to cut raw foods into small pieces.
Spoons are used to measure food ingredients in making different recipes. There are many kinds of cooking appliances. Expect cooking appliances to use charcoal, electricity, biogas, and solar as sources of energy. We have an oven as a cooking appliance that uses electricity. Water is used in the production of hydro-electric power. Water turbines are used in the production of hydro-electric power.

The production of biogas is possible by use of animal waste. Expect appliances that use charcoal as a source of energy to use biogas. We get charcoal from wood. Charcoal has been known as a renewable source of energy. Solar energy is energy tapped from the sun. Solar panels are used to tap the solar energy from the sun. Solar cookers are designed to use solar energy. Solar cookers can only be used in where there is an efficient solar energy. Slow cookers are cooking devices used in the preparation of foods.

Expect slow cookers to utilize electricity as their source of energy. Slow cookers have been known to take a longer period to prepare foods as compared with other cookers. There are many advantages of using slow cookers. Slow cookers use less electric energy. It has been known for slow cookers to save on time. You are given room to do other duties by using slow cookers. Expect slow cookers to keep the kitchen cool . Slow cookers make healthy foods by retaining food nutrients. Slow cookers develop healthy eating habits.

What No One Knows About Recipes

Slow Cooker Recipes and Why You Should Start Becoming Interested in Them

Cooking is a really enjoyable activity for a lot of people that loves food, especially those that feel really fulfilled to eat something that they personally made. There are of course, a lot of cooking methods that you can go for, but it is usually just a matter of choosing which one you really prefer.

For those that are more adventurous, then trying out multiple cooking techniques can also be a very rewarding experience. Now with that in mind, here are several great reasons why you should start checking out slow cooker recipes.

First of all, if you are someone that doesn’t want to spend a lot of time working in the kitchen but still cook great food, then slow cooking is really for you. A bit of initial prep work is all that this cooking method will require for you, and that’s because the slow cooker itself will handle most of the job for you. In essence, once you are done with the initial prep work, you’ll have a lot of spare time to do what you want after placing everything on the cooker.

This is really great for many of us nowadays that live a very fast paced life because it will allow us to still enjoy tasty meals without having to spend too much time in the kitchen. For instance, you can do the prep work and let the cooker handle the rest of the job while you work out, or do some work, and after a while, you’ll have a really great tasting meal ready for you to enjoy.

Last but not the least of course, you will be able to enjoy really amazing meals that are full of flavor and nutrition. The main reason for this is the fact that all your fresh ingredients are cooked at a low temperature and in a long period of time as well. This ends up preserving the nutrients that your ingredients contain, as well as the natural juices that they have. The result will be meals that are highly nutritious and at the same time, filled with flavor that will definitely fulfill your taste buds.

There is no doubt at all that many of us will find slow cooking a really great method to use, especially because of the many benefits that it has. When it comes to slow cooker recipes, a lot can actually be found on the internet nowadays, and it is simply a matter of finding one that meets the preferences you have in terms of food. For individuals that don’t have a slow cooker at home, you can easily buy one today without breaking a sweat.

Source: his response

What Has Changed Recently With Meals?

The Advantages of Checking Out and Trying Slow Cooker Recipes

It is not a surprise that most families are opting to use slow cookers compared to other options available in the market. Many are shifting to this kind of appliance for variety of reasons. Slow cookers are a great help when preparing different delicious food to be enjoyed by the entire family. Slow cookers may also come with recipes that can help you prepare great food. You can depend that these recipes are going to help you cook delicious and healthy foods for your beloved family.

Get your own precious slow cooker at home and let your family enjoy nutritious meals. Of course, you have to be using fresh and wholesome ingredients for whatever food you are cooking. When cooking the ingredients, it should be done at low temperature so its taste will turn out the way it is supposed to. You will not worry if the food dry out because there is only little evaporation. This would mean that the natural juices will stay in the pot. The food is perfect for your family. You should remember that only a slow cooker and recipes can help you achieve a healthy food for your family.

When using an electric burner or gas stove, you can’t leave what you are cooking until it’s finally cooked. For instance, you get a charred meat when you forgot to flip it to the other side. You also have to stir your tomato sauce so they will stick or burn. Despite their advantage to cook food faster, they will also need you to monitor what you are cooking. But when you use slow cooker, you can cook your meal without monitoring it often. The cooker will cook the food slowly and evenly. You don’t also have to stir it often because it uses low heat.

Slow cookers are extremely easy to use and safe. This just mean that you can have more time to spend with the family than cooking your meal. Many people don’t have all the time to cook especially after a day’s hard work in the office. This is where they are going to need slow cookers.

Now, regarding the slow cooker recipes, you can benefit a lot.

– You will not have a hard time preparing for your meals.
– You just have to combine everything inside the pot and it will be cooked at low temperature.
– No time is wasted.
– You give your family healthy meals since most recipes requires healthy and fresh ingredients.
– The recipes are simple and cheaper.
– With gentle flame and long period of time in cooking the food, it will turn out tastier.